Bluffen ist vermutlich die berühmteste und gleichzeitig die am häufigsten missverstandene Taktik des Pokerspiels. Gleich zu Beginn sei gesagt, dass man bis. David Sklansky erklärt in seinem Buch The Theory of Poker: "Mathematisch gesehen besteht die optimale Bluff-Strategie darin, so zu bluffen. U Mozzart kazinu te čeka mnogo uzbudljivih igara koje podižu doživljaj igre na novi nivo.
Bluff-Poker: Lerne wie du beim Poker richtig bluffen kannst!Poker Bluff - Wie wichtig ist das Bluffen beim Pokern wirklich. Mit Bet Sizing Tells einen Poker Bluff erkennen. Oktober David Bass. 0. Using Bet Sizing Tells to Detect a Bluff. Warum so viel? Warum so wenig? U Mozzart kazinu te čeka mnogo uzbudljivih igara koje podižu doživljaj igre na novi nivo.
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Most hands miss the flop, and a very strong hand preflop can become very weak by the river. Consequently, bluffing is a necessary part of the game.
They will be quick to exploit a playing style that depends too heavily on making strong hands, i. Note: Want to upgrade your poker skills?
Get our free preflop charts and start playing like a pro before the flop. Download now! The reasoning behind this rule is simple.
For example, consider that suited connectors have around 30—40 percent equity before the flop against most of the hands your opponent will continue with.
But as you get closer to the river, your bluffing range will have less and less equity against the hands your opponent will continue with, so you should be bluffing with them less on later streets.
This reasoning culminates on the river. If you decide to bet on the river, then you must know whether you are doing so as a bluff or for value.
Generally, if your hand has any equity against the hands your opponent could call you with, then you should not be bluffing. In other words, if you think your opponent could call with some worse hands, then bluffing on the river is probably a bad play.
This will help you determine the frequency you should bluff. This means that you need to be bluffing one in three times in order to make your opponent indifferent to calling.
If your range consisted of 30 hand combinations of value bets, for instance, you would need 15 hand combinations of bluffs.
As a result, your play is un-exploitable by your opponent. You make money either way. Obviously, this is all to say very little about which hands, exactly, you might want to bluff with at any particular time.
In this case their bet is not classified as a semi-bluff even though their bet may force opponents to fold hands with better current strength.
For example, a player in a stud poker game with four spade-suited cards showing but none among their downcards on the penultimate round might raise, hoping that their opponents believe the player already has a flush.
If their bluff fails and they are called, the player still might be dealt a spade on the final card and win the showdown or they might be dealt another non-spade and try to bluff again, in which case it is a pure bluff on the final round rather than a semi-bluff.
Bluffing may be more effective in some circumstances than others. Bluffs have a higher expectation when the probability of being called decreases.
Several game circumstances may decrease the probability of being called and increase the profitability of the bluff :. The opponent's current state of mind should be taken into consideration when bluffing.
Under certain circumstances external pressures or events can significantly impact an opponent's decision making skills.
If a player bluffs too infrequently, observant opponents will recognize that the player is betting for value and will call with very strong hands or with drawing hands only when they are receiving favorable pot odds.
If a player bluffs too frequently, observant opponents snap off their bluffs by calling or re-raising.
Occasional bluffing disguises not just the hands a player is bluffing with, but also their legitimate hands that opponents may think they may be bluffing with.
David Sklansky , in his book The Theory of Poker , states "Mathematically, the optimal bluffing strategy is to bluff in such a way that the chances against your bluffing are identical to the pot odds your opponent is getting.
Optimal bluffing also requires that the bluffs must be performed in such a manner that opponents cannot tell when a player is bluffing or not. To prevent bluffs from occurring in a predictable pattern, game theory suggests the use of a randomizing agent to determine whether to bluff.
For example, a player might use the colors of their hidden cards, the second hand on their watch, or some other unpredictable mechanism to determine whether to bluff.
Therefore my optimum strategy was The pot is currently 30 dollars, and Worm is contemplating a dollar bluff on the river.
If Worm does bluff in this situation, they are giving Mike 2-to-1 pot odds to call with their two pair 10's and 2's.
Where s is equal to the percentage of the pot that Worm is bluff betting with and x is equal to the percentage of busted draws Worm should be bluffing with to bluff optimally.
Assuming four trials , Worm has the nuts two times, and has a busted draw two times. Under the circumstances of this example: Worm will bet their nut hand two times, for every one time they bluff against Mike's hand assuming Mike's hand would lose to the nuts and beat a bluff.
This means that if Mike called all three bets Mike would win one time, and lose two times, and would break even against 2-to-1 pot odds.
This also means that Worm's odds against bluffing is also 2-to-1 since they will value bet twice, and bluff once. If the second hand of the watch is between 1 and 30 seconds, Worm will check their hand down not bluff.
If the second hand of the watch is between 31 and 60 seconds, Worm will bluff their hand. Worm looks down at their watch, and the second hand is at 45 seconds, so Worm decides to bluff.
Mike folds his two pair saying, "the way you've been betting your hand, I don't think my two pair on the board will hold up against your hand.
This example is meant to illustrate how optimal bluffing frequencies work. In real game situations, this is not usually the case.
The purpose of optimal bluffing frequencies is to make the opponent mathematically indifferent between calling and folding.
Optimal bluffing frequencies are based upon game theory and the Nash equilibrium , and assist the player using these strategies to become unexploitable.
By bluffing in optimal frequencies, you will typically end up breaking even on your bluffs in other words, optimal bluffing frequencies are not meant to generate positive expected value from the bluffs alone.
Rather, optimal bluffing frequencies allow you to gain more value from your value bets, because your opponent is indifferent between calling or folding when you bet regardless of whether it's a value bet or a bluff bet.
Although bluffing is most often considered a poker term, similar tactics are useful in other games as well. In these situations, a player makes a play that should not be profitable unless an opponent misjudges it as being made from a position capable of justifying it.
Since a successful bluff requires deceiving one's opponent, it occurs only in games in which the players conceal information from each other.
In games like chess and backgammon, both players can see the same board and so should simply make the best legal move available. Examples include:.
Evan Hurwitz and Tshilidzi Marwala developed a software agent that bluffed while playing a poker-like game. The agent was able to learn to predict its opponents' reactions based on its own cards and the actions of others.
By using reinforcement neural networks, the agents were able to learn to bluff without prompting. In economics, bluffing has been explained as rational equilibrium behavior in games with information asymmetries.
For instance, consider the hold-up problem , a central ingredient of the theory of incomplete contracts.
There are two players.Der Bluff beziehungsweise das Bluffen ist ein Verhalten beim Kartenspiel mit dem Zweck, die Gegner zum eigenen Vorteil in die Irre zu führen. Ausgehend vom Kartenspiel fand der Begriff Bluff Eingang in die Alltagssprache und beschreibt allgemein. Die wichtigsten Tipps & Tricks zum Bluffen beim Poker - Mit diesen Expertentipps wird ein Bluff zum Erfolg. Anleitung für Live und Online Poker. Definition Semibluff. Semi Bluffs Poker Bei einem Semibluff weiß der Spieler, dass er hinten liegt. Doch er hat noch Outs, mit denen er die beste Hand. Poker Bluff - Wie wichtig ist das Bluffen beim Pokern wirklich.