age of consent. law. Recht - law. German translation: Deutsch Mündigkeitsalter, das · Deutsch Schutzalter, das. Verwandte Phrasen. Englisch In an age of. Übersetzung im Kontext von „age of consent“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The same human rights organizations from cold Europe also meant that. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'age of consent' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten.
Übersetzung für "legal age of consent" im DeutschÜbersetzung im Kontext von „legal age of consent“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The fact is that some intelligent children enter postconventional. age of consent. law. Recht - law. German translation: Deutsch Mündigkeitsalter, das · Deutsch Schutzalter, das. Verwandte Phrasen. Englisch In an age of. Übersetzung für 'age of consent' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
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Age of consent laws vary widely from jurisdiction to jurisdiction,  though most jurisdictions set the age of consent in the range 14 to The laws may also vary by the type of sexual act, the gender of the participants or other considerations, such as involving a position of trust ; some jurisdictions may also make allowances for minors engaged in sexual acts with each other, rather than a single age.
Charges and penalties resulting from a breach of these laws may range from a misdemeanor , such as corruption of a minor , to what is popularly called statutory rape.
There are many "grey areas" in this area of law, some regarding unspecific and untried legislation, others brought about by debates regarding changing societal attitudes, and others due to conflicts between federal and state laws.
These factors all make age of consent an often confusing subject and a topic of highly charged debates. In traditional societies, the age of consent for a sexual union was a matter for the family to decide, or a tribal custom.
In most cases, this coincided with signs of puberty , menstruation for a woman, and pubic hair for a man.
Reliable data for ages at marriage is scarce. In England, for example, the only reliable data in the early modern period comes from property records made after death.
Not only were the records relatively rare, but not all bothered to record the participants' ages, and it seems that the more complete the records are, the more likely they are to reveal young marriages.
Modern historians have sometimes shown reluctance to accept evidence of young ages of marriage, dismissing it as a 'misreading' by a later copier of the records.
In the 12th century, Gratian , the influential founder of canon law in medieval Europe, accepted the age of puberty for marriage not sex to be around twelve for girls and around fourteen for boys but acknowledged consent to be meaningful if both children were older than seven years of age.
Marriage would then be valid as long as neither of the two parties annulled the marital agreement before reaching puberty, or if they had already consummated the marriage.
The first recorded age-of-consent law dates from in England; as part of its provisions on rape, the Statute of Westminster made it a misdemeanor to "ravish" a "maiden within age," whether with or without her consent.
The phrase "within age" was later interpreted by jurist Sir Edward Coke England, 17th century as meaning the age of marriage, which at the time was twelve years of age.
The American colonies followed the English tradition, and the law was more of a guide. In the 16th century, a small number of Italian and German states set the minimum age for sexual intercourse for girls, setting it at twelve years.
Towards the end of the 18th century, other European countries also began to enact similar laws. The first French Constitution of established the minimum age at eleven years.
Portugal, Spain, Denmark and the Swiss cantons initially set the minimum age at ten to twelve years. Age of consent laws were, historically, difficult to follow and enforce: legal norms based on age were not, in general, common until the 19th century, because clear proof of exact age and precise date of birth were often unavailable.
In Australia, 18th century thought was that children were inherently sinful and vulnerable to sexual temptations. Punishment for "giving in" to these temptations was generally left to parents and was not seen as a government matter, except in the case of rape.
By the midth century there was increased concern over child sexual abuse. A general shift in social and legal attitudes toward issues of sex occurred during the modern era.
Attitudes on the appropriate age of permission for females to engage in sexual activity drifted toward adulthood.
While ages from ten to thirteen years were typically regarded as acceptable ages for sexual consent in Western countries during the midth century,  by the end of the 19th century changing attitudes towards sexuality and childhood resulted in the raising of the age of consent.
English common law had traditionally set the age of consent within the range of ten to twelve years old, but the Offences Against the Person Act raised this to thirteen in Great Britain and Ireland.
Early feminists of the Social Purity movement , such as Josephine Butler and others, instrumental in securing the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts , began to turn towards the problem of child prostitution by the end of the s.
Sensational media revelations about the scourge of child prostitution in London in the s then caused outrage among the respectable middle-classes, leading to pressure for the age of consent to be raised again.
The investigative journalist William Thomas Stead of the Pall Mall Gazette was pivotal in exposing the problem of child prostitution in the London underworld through a publicity stunt.
In he "purchased" one victim, Eliza Armstrong , the thirteen-year-old daughter of a chimney sweep , for five pounds and took her to a brothel where she was drugged.
The "Maiden Tribute" was an instant sensation with the reading public, and Victorian society was thrown into an uproar about prostitution. Fearing riots on a national scale, the Home Secretary , Sir William Harcourt , pleaded in vain with Stead to cease publication of the articles.
A wide variety of reform groups held protest meetings and marched together to Hyde Park demanding that the age of consent be raised. The government was forced to propose the Criminal Law Amendment Act , which raised the age of consent from thirteen to sixteen and clamped down on prostitution.
In the United States, as late as the s most states set the minimum age at ten to twelve in Delaware, it was seven in The campaign was successful, with almost all states raising the minimum age to sixteen to eighteen years by In France , Portugal, Denmark, the Swiss cantons and other countries, the minimum age was raised to between thirteen and sixteen years in the following decades.
Any person who engages in sexual intercourse with a person under the age 16 could be prosecuted. However this therefore means that even sexual intercourse between willing people of a similar age i.
A year-old and a year-old could result in the older person being liable for prosecution for committing a sexual offence.
Because of this, when the Sexual Offences Act was created, separate sections of the act were put in place to be used on how to appropriately prosecute a person who had sexual intercourse with a person under the age of 16, depending on exactly how young a person under the age of 16 was at time the sexual intercourse took place.
This therefore maintained a "two-tier" cut off age system regarding sexual intercourse when it involved a person under the age of Currently this depends on whether a younger person was Under 16 or Under 13 at the time of the sexual intercourse taking place, with the latter being automatically overall illegal, and the former still being illegal, but with defences due to the younger person's older age, more flexibility in sentencing and flexibility overall whether to prosecute or not based on individual case.
The age of a younger person matters substantially as under the Sexual Offences Act any sexual intercourse or any type of sexual activity with a person under the age of 13 is strictly illegal, with rape, assault by penetration and incitement offences carrying a maximum sentence of life imprisonment, and other non-penetration offences carrying a maximum sentence of 14 years depending on case.
However, if person A is over the age of 18 and is in a position of trust to person B who is under the age of 18, it is illegal for A to engage in sexual activity with B.
The age of consent for heterosexual acts in England was set at 12 in during the reign of Edward I. Therefore, there was technically no age of consent for the male participant.
In medieval Welsh law there was no actual equivalent of the concept of the age of consent as such, but a girl was marriageable at 12—14 the onset of puberty and a fine was payable for the taking of a girl's maidenhood by force; the rules varied according to status and may not have been applied rigidly to commoners.
A concern that young girls were being sold into brothels led Parliament to raise the age of consent to 13 in under the Offences against the Person Act After W.
Anal intercourse, both male-male and male-female, had been illegal and punishable by death since the Buggery Act In , parliament passed the Offences against the Person Act , which abolished the death penalty for anal intercourse.
The Criminal Law Amendment Act extended buggery laws to outlaw any kind of sexual activity between males. Male homosexual acts were decriminalised under the Sexual Offences Act , Section 1, although the age of consent for such acts was set at 21, whereas the age of consent for heterosexual acts was However, this particular legislation applied only in England and Wales.
In , on the second reading of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act , the Conservative Member of Parliament Edwina Currie introduced an amendment to lower the age of consent for homosexual acts to 16, in line with that for heterosexual acts; the amendment was defeated by votes to A compromise amendment that lowered the age of consent to 18 was accepted by votes to Also during the readings were motions to equalise the age of consent to 17 for all, to maintain the age of consent for homosexual acts to 21, and a further attempt to lower the age of consent to 16, all of which were rejected.
In , the European Court of Human Rights case of Sutherland v United Kingdom held that a higher age of consent for homosexuals than for heterosexuals was a breach of Article 14 in conjunction with Article 8 of the Convention.
In response, the Government introduced the Crime and Disorder Bill that contained a provision lowering the age of consent for homosexual acts to Though accepted by the House of Commons, the provision was rejected by the House of Lords.
The Sexual Offences Amendment Bill, introduced in , contained a similar provision, but once again it was rejected by the House of Lords.
The Bill was reintroduced in and, despite opposition from the House of Lords, was passed under the Parliament Act which allows the House of Commons to overrule the House of Lords under certain circumstances.
As the Scottish Parliament had been established prior to the reintroduction of the Bill, and the relevant legislation was a devolved issue, the consent of that Parliament under the Sewel Convention was required — had that consent not been granted, the Scottish provisions would have had to be removed and it would not have been possible to use the Parliament Act.
The Sexual Offences Amendment Act , became law in January throughout the UK, and thus equalized, regardless of gender, the age of consent at 16 for both heterosexual and homosexual acts including, for the first time, lesbian acts , except those taking place between a 16—year-old and someone "in a position of trust" e.
The Sexual Offences Act officially ended the concept of buggery in British law, as technically, heterosexual anal intercourse had still been illegal until the passing of this law.
The passing of this law meant that there was no legal difference made between vaginal and anal intercourse, as well as sexual touching and newly added oral penetration and penetration by other body parts than penis or anything else.
The Act also raised the legal age for pornography and prostitution from 16 to There have been various suggestions to lower the age of consent to 14 — in the New Labour government proposed this, but despite some Left wing and Youth support this had been dropped by early as lacking support, a decade later in early the suggestion by civil servants to lower the age of consent to 14 was rejected by the Conservative led coalition as offensive at least under some circumstances and attention was drawn to the impact of recent scandals on the reception to any proposals.
Since 1 December , the age of consent in Scotland is 16 , regardless of sexual orientation or gender. However, consensual sex with a girl aged between 13 and 16 is not rape , but a lesser offence; on 1 December this has been given the specific name of "having intercourse with an older child".
Aged between 13 and 16 does not include 16, however. Male homosexual acts were illegal in Scotland until when they were decriminalised by the Criminal Justice Scotland Act , Section 80, which specified an age of consent of The Criminal Law Consolidation Scotland Act lowered the age of consent to 18 and this was further lowered to 16 by the Sexual Offences Amendment Act described above.
Male rape was recognised along with a complete overhaul of sexual offences legislation under the Sexual Offences Scotland Act in force from 1 December , except for sections 52 and The age of consent in Northern Ireland is 16 , regardless of sexual orientation or gender, as specified by the Sexual Offences Northern Ireland Order Prior to , the age of consent in Northern Ireland was always 17 for heterosexuals and lesbian sexual conduct.
Gay male sexual conduct was illegal in Northern Ireland until , when they were decriminalised by the Homosexual Offences Northern Ireland Order , which specified an age of consent of 21 — in line with the rest of the UK at the time.
The age of consent for gay male sexual conduct was lowered to 18 in when the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act was implemented as to be in line with England and Wales.
The age of consent in was then lowered to 17 for gay male sexual conduct - so that was in line with heterosexual and lesbian sexual conduct, by the Sexual Offences Amendment Act , Section 1.
Then in , the Order mentioned above lowered the age of consent for all individuals to 16 so it was inline with the rest of the UK.
Since , the age of consent is equal and gender-neutral at 16 in Gibraltar a British overseas territory. The gender-neutral Crimes Bill passed the Gibraltar Parliament and got assented - implementing the Supreme Court of Gibraltar decision and by repealing and updating year-old criminal laws of Gibraltar.
Male homosexual acts have been decriminalised in Gibraltar since , where the age of consent was higher at 18 for gay men, 16 for lesbians and heterosexuals.
Anal sex was illegal for heterosexuals regardless. An equal age of consent set at 16 and legalising heterosexual anal sex happened because of a Supreme Court decision in In , male homosexual acts were decriminalised with the age of consent set at 21 in line with the UK at that time.
In , the age of consent for male homosexual acts was lowered to The age of consent in the Isle of Man , a Crown Dependency, is 16 , last amended in Prior to , sodomy was illegal, then under the Sexual Offences Isle of Man Act after assent the age of consent was set at 21 for sodomy in line with the UK at that time.
Then in , the age of consent for male homosexual acts was lowered to 18 under the Criminal Justice Act The age of consent in the Bailiwick of Jersey , a Crown Dependency, is 16 , last amended in Prior to , sodomy was illegal  in Jersey for both men and women until although the age of consent for homosexual acts other than sodomy was the same as for heterosexual acts.
In , the age of consent for sodomy between consenting males was set at 21 the UK at that time maintained the age of consent of 21 for all homosexual acts between males.
In , the age of consent was lowered to 16, became gender-neutral for all sexual conduct including sodomy ; regardless of sexual orientation or gender.
Vatican City requires its laws to operate in accordance with Catholic canon law. Within Vatican City and the Catholic faith, all sex outside of the sacrament of marriage is illicit regardless of the age or willingness of those who engage in it.
Law No. Article 4 of Law No. VIII defines "minor" for the purposes of that law to mean "every human being below the age of eighteen years. Paragraph 5 of Article 8 provides an exception to this by stating that "the offence does not exist if the sexual acts take place within a marriage.
All sex outside of marriage is illicit, and therefore the only lawful consent that may be made for sexual relations is the consent between a husband and a wife.
Canon of the Code of Canon Law states that "A man before he has completed his sixteenth year of age and a woman before she has completed her fourteenth year of age cannot enter into a valid marriage.
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Please help improve it if you can. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Further information: French petition against age of consent laws.
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Human sexuality portal Law portal. Treaty Office. Retrieved 16 June Archived from the original on 13 June Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 17 May Archived from the original PDF on 29 February National register of legal acts of Byelorussia in Russian.
Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 19 February Cyprus Mail. Archived from the original on 17 May Retrieved 10 April Retrieved 12 August Danish Ministry of Justice.
Retrieved 5 March Retrieved 5 August Archived PDF from the original on 7 March Retrieved 30 July See also Recht, was ist erlaubt?
What is permitted? Retrieved 12 December The Spanish colonies however, often opted for a much lower age of consent - 13 in Spain and 12 in Peru and Colombia.
Die spanischen Kolonien jedoch stimmten oft für ein viel jüngeres Einwilligungsalter - 13 in Spanien und 12 in Peru und Kolumbien.
Einwilligungsalter - 13 in Spanien und 12 in Peru und Kolumbien. For this to be a criminal offense, the age of the adolescents had to be reduced in the statement, as all the young people involved were older than 15 years, the age of consent in Romania.
Damit daraus ein Strafbestand wurde, musste das Alter der Jugendlichen im Protokoll herabgesetzt werden, da alle involvierten Jugendlichen älter als 15 Jahre, dem Schutzalter in Rumänien, waren.
Schutzalter in Rumänien, waren. Does the Commission agree that, after more than two years of inaction, the Gibraltar Government must act urgently to equalise the age of consent law in order not to breach the European Convention on Human Rights?
Ephebophilia only became problematic when the age of consent was raised. Ephebophilie wurde erst problematisch, als das Zustimmungsalter angehoben wurde.
Zustimmungsalter angehoben wurde. Volljährigkeit ist 18 in Vietnam. Where the age of consent is fourteen. Da ist man mit vierzehn volljährig.
Your personal data is disclosed to third parties only if this is necessary for carrying out the contract or if you have given your prior consent. You have the right to revoke your consent at any time, effective from that point forward.
Gebrauch und Weitergabe von persönlichen Angaben Von Ihnen an uns übermittelte persönliche Angaben werden nur zur Beantwortung Ihrer Fragen, zum Abschluss von Verträgen und für die technische Verwaltung verwendet und nur auf Anfrage von österreichischen Behörden nach entsprechenden Gerichtsverfahren weitergegeben.
Your information is never sold to third parties. Any transfer of data to third parties occurs only if an order is issued by public or government agencies or judicial authorities or if doing so is required for the fulfillment of contractual obligations, credit protection purposes, or if your explicit consent has been given.
In keinem Fall werden die Daten an Dritte verkauft. Nutzen wir Daten zur Analyse und Verbesserung der Website? You may request at any time that the OECD corrects your personal information in its records.
You may also request the deletion of such information, except when it has been collected for a specific purpose for which you have given your consent , for the performance of a contract to which you are a party, or in order to comply with a legal obligation.
Sie können auch die Löschung dieser Daten beantragen, es sei denn, ihre Erhebung sei für einen bestimmten Zweck erfolgt, zu dem Sie Ihre Einwilligung gegeben haben, für die Ausführung eines Vertrags, den Sie unterzeichnet haben, oder um einer gesetzlichen Verpflichtung nachzukommen.
In the night of February 18, the wedding took place in the chapel at Brandhof near Mariazell. I told her the tour had a one-night stay scheduled in Amsterdam and that I needed closure.
She understood, gave me her consent , but feared for my safety. The story goes that 11 years ago, in the early stages of our courtship, I found myself in the red-light district of Amsterdam.
Ich erzählte ihr, dass auf der Reise eine Übernachtung in Amsterdam geplant sei und ich da etwas zu Ende bringen müsste.
Sie verstand und gab mir ihre Einwilligung , war jedoch um meine Sicherheit besorgt. Es war nämlich so, dass ich mich vor elf Jahren, in der Anfangsphase unserer Beziehung, im Rotlichtbezirk von Amsterdam aufhielt.
We will not sell or rent your data to third parties, or transmission to third parties without your consent, especially when data is required to provide to you undrawn services, or if otherwise it is permitted by law.
Use of this website and providing your personal data via email or web form, you give your consent to the described collection, processing and use of your personal data.
You can revoke this consent at any time, and also request deletion of your data. Eine Übermittlung an Dritte erfolgt nur mit Ihrer Einwilligung, insbesondere soweit die Übermittlung zur Erbringung von Ihnen in Anspruch genommener Dienste erforderlich ist oder soweit sonst gesetzlich zulässig.
Sie können diese Einwilligung jederzeit widerrufen und auch die Löschung Ihrer Daten verlangen. Under which other circumstances may personal data be collected, processed or used?
We will only then collect, process or use personal data if you provide us with the information voluntarily and it is furthermore legally permissible, or you have given us your consent.
This usually happens when you enter into a contract with us or send us a request for information. Unter welchen Voraussetzungen werden personenbezogene Daten im Übrigen erhoben, verarbeitet oder genutzt?
Personenbezogene Daten erheben, verarbeiten oder nutzen wir im Übrigen nur dann, wenn Sie uns diese freiwillig zur Verfügung stellen und es darüber hinaus gesetzlich zulässig ist oder Sie Ihre Einwilligung gegeben haben.
Image and sound data e. Bild- bzw. Tondaten z. KG only to the extent necessary to carry out the services offered. KG uses this data — where applicable, in addition to the purpose specified in the data-entry field — only in so far as you give us your consent.
KG nur erhoben, verarbeitet und genutzt, soweit dies zur Durchführung der angebotenen Dienstleistungen erforderlich ist.
Data subjects have the right to access and rectify their data on written request to be addressed to the Office.
Betroffene Personen haben auf schriftliche Anforderung, die an das Amt zu richten ist, ein Auskunfts- und Berichtigungsrecht bezüglich sie betreffender Daten.
In case of defective deliveries, the purchaser shall be entitled to withhold payment pro rata to the value until the defective goods have been replaced.
Without previous written consent of the purchaser, which shall not be unreasonably withheld , the supplier shall not be entitled to assign his receivables to third parties or to have such receivables collected by third parties.
In the event of an extended retention of title, agreement to resale is assumed to have been given. Der Lieferant ist ohne vorherige schriftliche Zustimmung des Bestellers, die nicht unbillig verweigert werden darf, nicht berechtigt, seine Forderungen gegen ihn abzutreten oder durch Dritte einziehen zu lassen.
Bei Vorliegen von verlängertem Eigentumsvorbehalt gilt die Zustimmung als erteilt. You will also be given the opportunity to withhold or withdraw your consent for your use other than as listed above.
Sie haben zudem die Möglichkeit, Ihre Zustimmung zu nicht oben angegebenen Nutzungszwecken zurückzuziehen oder zu verweigern.
At the same time, the European Parliament requested the European Commission to immediately submit a new recommendation for a negotiation mandate to the Council with a view to a long-term EU-US Agreement.
Dies war das erste Mal, dass über die Zustimmung zu einem internationalen Abkommen abgestimmt wurde, nachdem der Vertrag von Lissabon in Kraft getreten ist.
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Es ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. Germany statutory rape law is violated when an individual under age 21 has consensual sexual intercourse with a person under age 14 without exploiting their lack of capacity for sexual self-determination.
Persecution requires a complaint from the minor. Germany does not have a close-in-age exemption.Until"acts against nature" [anal intercourse] were punishable with the stake. The age of consent in Italy is 14 years, with a close-in-age exception that allows those aged 13 to engage in sexual activity with partners who are under the age of 18, provided Gehirntraining Spiele Kostenlos the age gap between them Frauen Champions League Live less than 3 years. The age of consent in Turkey was set at 15 for both heterosexual Age Of Consent Deutsch homosexual sex in the penal code, but this was Www.Spiele.De Mahjong in In Spainit was set in at "puberty age", and changed to twelve in which was kept untilwhen it became 13;   and in it was raised to Archived from the original on 17 June The late s and the early 21st century saw major modifications to the criminal code, in an effort to modify what was seen as outdated provisions, especially as Romania prepared to enter the EU. Polnisch Wörterbücher. In the event of an extended retention of title, agreement to resale is assumed to have been given. No specific age is recommended. Diese Beispiele können umgangssprachliche Wörter, die auf der Grundlage Ihrer Suchergebnis enthalten. The age of consent in Germany 18+ Spiele Online 14as long as a person over the Www.1001 Spiele.De of 21 does not exploit a to year-old person's lack of capacity for sexual self-determination, in which case a conviction of an Spielbank Nrw over the age of 21 requires a complaint from the younger individual; being over 21 and engaging in sexual relations with a minor of that age does not constitute an offense by itself. The modern concept of an age of consent arose at this time. Whoever commits Spielbank Potsdam act described in paragraph 3 of the previous article, in relation to the minor understood in the previous paragraph of this article and under the conditions described therein, shall be punished with imprisonment of up to one year. The age of consent is the age at which a person is considered to be legally competent to consent to sexual russian-holiday.comuently, an adult who engages in sexual activity with a person younger than the age of consent is unable to legally claim that the sexual activity was consensual, and such sexual activity may be considered child sexual abuse or statutory rape. There is no age of consent between married individuals. The minimum age of marriage for men is 18, and for women, it is In some instances, women are allowed to marry at 14 years old. Consensual same-sex relations are criminalized in Pakistan. Age of Consent in China. The age of consent in Mainland China is 14 years old. The Age of Consent in Germany is 14 years old. The age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity. Individuals aged 13 or younger in Germany are not legally able to consent to sexual activity, and such activity may result in prosecution for statutory rape or the equivalent local law. Limited by age: younger partner is deemed able to consent to having sex with an older one as long as their age difference does not exceed a specified amount.; Limited by relationship: younger partner is deemed able to consent to having sex with an older one as long as the latter is not in a position of trust or authority, or is not recognised to be abusing the inexperience of the younger one. age of consent translation in English - German Reverso dictionary, see also 'consent form',consequent',convent',consent form', examples, definition, conjugation.